Research Program: Return Migrants

Although the biggest historical enlargement of the European Union (EU) in 2004 evoked massive outflows of people from Central Europe in a rather short period of time, the return flows are happening gradually and are extended in time. Our knowledge about return mobilities  in Central Europe and especially about its outcomes is still scattered as the returns are not easily traceable in the statistics and it is difficult to track multiple moves of people within the EU. This research program encompasses various activities with the aim to build up a knowledge resource both for science and policy on return mobility to Central Europe: (1) secondary data sources analyses, e.g. big societal surveys where migration variables got included additionally (in other words migration was not the main topic of a survey); (2) primary return migration surveys; (3) in-depth interviews with return migrants; (3) research & social impact activities (e.g. educational programs for Public Employment Services).


Research-impact educational program for Public Employment Services & EURES [see details at:]

Comparative survey on returning Poles and Lithuanians (DAINA CEEYouth).


Grabowska I., Jastrzebowska A. (2022). Migration and the Transfer of Informal Human Capital: Insights from Central Europe and Mexico. Oxfordshire: Routledge.

Grabowska I., Jastrzebowska A. (in press). Migratory Informal Human Capital of Returnees to Central Europe: A New Resource for Organisations. Central European Management Journal.

Grabowska I.,Jastrzębowska A., (in press, 2022). Mobile transitions to adulthood and soft skills of Polish and Lithuanian return migrants. Rocznik Lubuski 48(1) (Anniversary Volume for Prof. Maria Zielinska).

Winogrodzka D., Grabowska I. (2021). (Dis)ordered Social Sequences of Mobile Young Adults: Spatial, Social and Return Mobilities.

Grabowska I., Czeranowska O. (2020, accepted). Scenarios of Return (im)Mobilities and Pandemic. The European Sociologist. No. 46, Vol. 2

Grabowska I. (2020). The 2004 EU enlargement as an outcome of public policies: The impact of intra-EU mobility on Central and Eastern European sending countries. Social Policy and Society.

Fihel A., Grabowska-Lusinska I. (2014). Labour Market Behaviours of Back-and-Forth Migrants From Poland. International Migration, 52(1), 22–35.

Grabowska-Lusińska I., Fihel A. (2010). Płynność powrotów do PolskiStudia Migracyjne – Przegląd Polonijny, 4, 107-130.

Grabowska I. (2016). Migration in Work Lives: Looking Back after Return. Structure and agency approach. [In:] (eds.) Nadler R., Kovacs Z., Glorius B., Lang T. Return Migration and Regional Development in Europe: Mobility against the Stream, Basingstoke/ London: Palgrave, 83-109.

Grabowska-Lusinska I. (red.) (2010). Poakcesyjne powroty do PolskiCMR Working Papers 43(101)

Grabowska-Lusinska I. (2010). Analiza polityk panstwa wobec migracji powrotnych. Przypadek Irlandii. [In:] Lesinska M. (eds.). Polityka panstwa wobec migracji powrotnych wlasnych obywateli. Teoria i praktyka, CMR Working Papers, 44(102).