This research program is about informal human capital impacted by experiences of working and living abroad. It shows that despite the fact that many international migrants work in the destination countries below their formal, usually high educational attainments, as in the cases of migrants from the New EU countries (c.f. Voitchovsky 2014; Kaczmarczyk and Tyrowicz 2015) or, they are formally not well educated but have many practical, non-validated skills like in the case of Mexican migrants (cf. Hagan at al. 2015), they can acquire and enhance informal human capital (Williams and Baláž 2005; Hagan at al. 2015; Grabowska & Jastrzebowska 2019 forthcoming) in the form of human capacities. I assume in this book that people might be overeducated or undereducated but they are never overskilled. It means that there is always a space to enhance human capital. Therefore, migration is not only about gaining economic capital. It is a social process through which migrants acquire, enhance and transfer informal human capital across not only locations but also across the life course (life-long learning) and across various domains of life (life-wide learning).
In this research program, formal human capital relates to all certified and formalized aspects of educational attainment, years of schooling, certified qualifications, work experience relating to formal job positions and job descriptions. It includes also health condition. While informal human capital relates to non-certified human capacities which concern being and acting in social world and are captured at three dimensions: cognitive, intrapersonal and interpersonal in relation to well-being (life and job satisfaction and job-person fit).
English: Grabowska I. (2021). Migration and informal human capital. Insights from Central Europe and Mexico. London: Routledge [monograph contracted; to be submitted at the end of 2020].
Polish: Grabowska I. (2019). Otwierajac glowy. Migracje i kompetencje spoleczne. [Opening up the minds. Migration and social skills]. Warsaw: Scholar.
Grabowska I., Jastrzebowska A. (under revision). Informal human capital of return migrants: Insights from Central Europe.
Grabowska I., Jastrzebowska A. (2019). The Impact of Migration on Human Capacities of Two Generations of Poles: The Interplay of the Individual and the Social in Human Capital Approaches, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 10.1080/1369183X.2019.1679414 (open access).
Grabowska I. (2018). Social skills, workplaces and social remittances: A case of post-accession migrants. Work, Employment and Society, 32(5): 868-886.
Grabowska I. (2016). The Transition from Education to Employment Abroad: The Experiences of Young People from Poland. Europe-Asia Studies, 68(8), 1421-1440.
Grabowska I., Jazwinska E. (2015). Migracje poakcesyjne Polaków i kapital ludzki: transfer wiedzy, umiejętności, kompetencji, Studia Migracyjne-Przegląd Polonijny, 2(156), 53–80.
Grabowska-Lusińska I. Jaźwińska E., (2014). Transfer jawnych i ukrytych komponentów kapitału ludzkiego poprzez migracje. [In:] Lesińska M., Slany K., Solga B., Okólski M. (eds.) Dekada członkostwa Polski w UE. Społeczne skutki emigracji Polaków po 2004 roku, KBnM PAN; Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, 169-190.